Technology, Energy, and Real Estate were the top performing sectors last week while Utilities, Telecom, and Consumer Staples were the weakest. Utilities remains the only sector with a negative return in 2012. Investors have been shifting away from defensive sectors favoring those that are consistent with the "risk on" theme.
Early European sovereign debt auctions in Italy and Spain continue to go well as the European Central Bank (ECB) floods European banks with cheap cash (think QE II by the US Federal Reserve) pushing international stocks strongly positive. The MSCI EAFE index gained just over 4% last week and is now up 4.2% for the year. The emerging market sector leads all others with a gain of 9.1% in 2012 followed by the Asia-Pacific region at 6.0%.
Commodities remain in neutral for the year. Last week the broad basket Dow Jones Commodity Index was up 0.5% and is now up 0.4% for 2012. The exception has been gold which remained strong adding another $33 per ounce (2.0%) to close Friday at $1664.00. Gold is now up 6.2% for the year. WTI oil continued to fall as the price per barrel dropped marginally last week (-0.2%) and is now down 0.4% for the year. Oil prices reflect investor sentiment about the prospects of unrest in the Middle East, currency fluctuations, and demand expectations.
The Euro posted its first gain in seven weeks adding two-and-a-half cents to close at $1.293. Euro investors were encouraged by the general drop in interest rates for Spain and Italy following their successful bond auctions. The Indian Rupee and Brazilian Real remain the best performing currencies in 2012. As with stocks, it appears that riskier currencies are in demand for now.
Most bonds had a flat to negative week with the exception of the international, preferreds, and high yield sectors. The Barclays Aggregate US Bond Index fell 0.5% for the week and is now down 0.1% for the year. The 10-year and 30-year US Treasuries both lost value pushing the 10-year rate above 2% and the 30-year rate above 3% and making long-term US Treasuries the worst performing bond sector for the week and the year.
THE CERTAINTY OF UNCERTAINTY
I believe the greatest challenge facing the United States, Europe, and the rest of the developed world today is the ever-increasing mountain of debt we are incurring. The numbers are staggering. The United States owes $15 trillion, Japan owes $13 trillion, and Europe owes some $12 trillion. These numbers reflect just what is currently on the books, not future obligations that by some estimates can be four or five times larger than the current balances.
As bad as the current debt levels are, more troublesome is the inability of governments to slow down the yearly growth of debt. The United States will add another $1 trillion plus in new debt in 2012 and the rest of the developed world will follow suit. The rate of increase in new debt is greater than the growth rate of economic output. If the US adds only $1 trillion of new debt this year on a base of $15 trillion, it will represent an annual increase of 6.67% in new debt. Most economists believe the increase in the gross domestic product (GDP) this year may reach 2% or 2.5%. Debt is growing faster than growth and no nation can sustain their economy for long with this imbalance.
The uncertainty we face today is trying to figure out how to deal with the explosion of debt globally. This debt problem is at the heart of the European crisis, it is responsible for the gridlock in Washington, and it is damaging to emerging market economies as they struggle with hot money induced inflation (foreign investors throwing money at a country). The challenges are daunting. For starters, every solution will involve some sort of pain and sacrifice. We have a history in this country of enduring terrible pain and suffering and emerging stronger and more resilient than before. During the Civil War, the Union and Confederacy lost an estimated 625,000 killed. This terrible number represented about 2% of our nation's population in 1860. In today's numbers, this would correspond to over 6.2 million American soldiers killed. Thankfully, this is not the nature of sacrifice we must make, but the threat to our economic way of life is just as real, and all will feel the economic pain. Other challenges include the length this period of sacrifice is likely to entail. It could take a decade or more to get this right. Then there are the politicians who, up until now, have lacked the moral courage to make hard decisions, and a populace who may tire of sacrifice because they do not understand the gravity of the threat. Failure to act now will only make matters worse in the years to come.
We must approach this problem just as our forefathers did-with grit and determination. Step one is to reduce and stop the rate of increase in new debt. This is precisely what many European countries are attempting to do with their austerity measures. Unfortunately, austerity measures in countries dominated by government spending results in economic slowdown, which in turn exacerbates their deficit problems as tax revenues prove inadequate to finance current fiscal commitments. Political leaders must adopt measures to foster economic growth so the current debt can actually be reduced. This means finding a delicate balance between cutting spending, raising enough revenue to pay for current obligations, not shocking the economy into another recession, and convincing the public that today's sacrifices will help all of us in the long-term. None of this will be easy, but big challenges never have been before and I do not see why this time should be any different.
As investors navigate this challenging time, it will be difficult to determine if we are on the true road to recovery or heading down a path of false hope and loss. Headlines may say one thing and the markets another. This is why I believe so strongly in listening to what the markets are telling us. Collectively the millions of decisions made each day by you, me, and others around the globe represent our cumulative votes in the verdict of right or wrong. These votes reveal themselves in relative strength analysis, and I believe there is opportunity for investors who can "listen" to the markets. So let's work together, listen to the markets, and make smart investment decisions based upon the information available. Finally, we must remain diligent. Changes in relative strength will happen and as circumstances warrant, we must be ready to change as well.
The ECB's Long-Term Refinancing Option (LTRO) has fixed the EU's liquidity problem for now buying yet more time for Europe's political leaders to address the debt crisis. Think of it this way, liquidity is like oxygen to the body-without it, you cannot survive for long. Other issues such as fiscal policy reform and treaty reorganization are like food-a person can last quite a long time without eating or in Europe's case, implementing real reform. Reform must be accomplished or the EU will slowly starve to death. Now that the EU is breathing again, investors are turning their attention to the actual efforts to achieve long-term solutions. The EU summit on January 30th will be scrutinized to see if policy address the big issues facing the EU-holding the EU together, protecting the Euro, true financial unification, and permanent debt restructuring.
I continue to remain cautious about the markets due to the uncertainty and risk in the world. It is in everyone's self-interest to reach agreement about Greece and solving the EU's long-term problems. The road to a satisfactory ending is going to be a rocky one and the potential for volatility remains. If your risk tolerance permits taking a position in international equities, I believe you can do so. The recent strength in emerging markets is encouraging, but any investment here must be undertaken with a clear understanding of the risks involved.
US equities continue to be the strongest asset category of the five I follow and I favor investment in high quality, dividend-paying investments. I also favor some investment in riskier assets such as small and mid-capitalization stocks; however, I suggest under-weighting these investments within your equity allocation. From a technical perspective, US stocks have shown very solid performance so far in January and this bodes well for 2012. Quietly Financials, small capitalization stocks, Industrials, and Biotech stocks have shown the most technical improvement over the past few months and momentum is carrying these sectors higher. Commodities and longer-term bonds have shown the greatest weakness.
The bond market remains attractive and my recommendations for this asset category include international bonds, inflation-protection bonds, and a mix of high-yield and high-quality bonds. I am also watching senior bank loan bonds and am considering these as part of my bond portfolio recommendation. The recent drop in US Treasury prices (increasing interest rates) has caused this sector to weaken materially. Should the crisis worsen in Europe I would anticipate this trend to reverse. If your portfolio includes longer-term bonds be very sensitive to what is happening in Europe and interest rates here. I favor the short and intermediate maturity bonds because they potentially have less volatility to interest rate moves.
The first report of the 4th quarter GDP will be announced on Friday and will be watched very closely. Consensus is for GDP to have grown to 3.1% compared to 1.8% for the previous quarter. This will be a very important announcement and could likely be a market mover. Besides the GDP report, Jobless Claims and New Home Sales will be released on Thursday. New home sales is an important indicator of recovery for this vital economic sector.
The NYCE US Dollar Index is a measure that calculates the value of the US dollar through a basket of six currencies, the Euro, the Japanese Yen, the British Pound, the Canadian Dollar, the Swedish Krona, and the Swiss franc. The Euro is the predominant currency making up about 57% of the basket.
Currencies and futures generallyare volatile and are not suitable for all investors. Investment in foreign exchange related products is subject to many factors that contribute to or increase volatility, such as national debt levels and trade deficits, changes in domestic and foreign interest rates, and investors' expectations concerning interest rates, currency exchange rates and global or regional political, economic or fi nancial events and situations.
Corporate bonds contain elements of both interest rate risk and credit risk. Treasury bills are guaranteed by the U.S. government as to the timely payment of principal and interest, and if held to maturity, offer a fixed rate of return and fixed principal value. U.S. Treasury bills do not eliminate market risk. The purchase of bonds is subject to availability and market conditions. There is an inverse relationship between the price of bonds and the yield: when price goes up, yield goes down, and vice versa. Market risk is a consideration if sold or redeemed prior to maturity. Some bonds have call features that may affect income.
Emerging market investments involve higher risks than investments from developed countries and also involve increased risks due to differences in accounting methods, foreign taxation, political instability, and currency fluctuation. The main risks of international investing are currency fluctuations, differences in accounting methods, foreign taxation, economic, political or financial instability, and lack of timely or reliable information or unfavorable political or legal developments.
The Dow Jones UBS Commodities Index is composed of futures contracts on physical commodities. This index aims to provide a broadly diversified representation of commodity markets as an asset class. The index represents 19 commodities which are weighted to account for economic significance and market liquidity. This index cannot be traded directly. The commodities industries can be significantly affected by commodity prices, world events, import controls, worldwide competition, government regulations, and economic conditions. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. These investments may not be suitable for all investors, and there is no guarantee that any investment will be able to sell for a profit in the future.
As always, if you have any specific questions on your portfolio or wish to talk to me, please do not hesitate to call.
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Past performance is not indicative of future results and there is no assurance that any forecasts mentioned in this report will be obtained. Technical analysis is just one form of analysis. You may also want to consider quantitative and fundamental analysis before making any investment decisions.
Information in this update has been obtained from and is based upon sources that NTrust Wealth Management (NTWM) believes to be reliable, however NTWM does not guarantee its accuracy. All opinions and estimates constitute NTWM's judgment as of the date the update was created and are subject to change without notice. This update is for informational purposes only and is not intended as an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of a security. Any decision to purchase securities must take into account existing public information on such security or any registered prospectus.
The bullish percent indicator (BPI) is a market breath indicator. The indicator is calculated by taking the total number of issues in an index or industry that are generating point and figure buy signals and dividing it by the total number of stocks in that group. The basic rule for using the bullish percent index is that when the BPI is above 70%, the market is overbought, and conversely when the indicator is below 30%, the market is oversold. The most popular BPI is the NYSE Bullish Percent Index, which is the tool of choice for famed point and figure analyst, Thomas Dorsey.
All indices are unmanaged and are not available for direct investment by the public. Past performance is not indicative of future results. The S&P 500 is based on the average performance of the 500 industrial stocks monitored by Standard & Poors, this is a market capitalization weighted index, meaning the largest companies in the S&P 500 have a greater weighting than smaller companies. The S&P 500 Equal Weighted Index is determined by giving each of the 500 stocks in the index the same weighting in the index. The Dow Jones Industrial Average is based on the average performance of 30 large U.S. companies monitored by Dow Jones & Company. The Dow Jones Corporate Bond Index is comprised of 96 investment grade issues that are divided into the industrial, financial, and utility/telecom sectors. They are further divided by maturity with each of the sectors represented by 2, 5, 10 and 30-year maturities. The Morgan Stanley Capital International (MSCI) Europe, Australia and Far East (EAFE) Index is a broad-based index composed of non U.S. stocks traded on the major exchanges around the globe. The Russell 2000 Index is comprised of the 2000 smallest companies within the Russell 3000 Index, which is made up of the 3000 biggest companies in the US.
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